Surfing the net, I came across several interesting articles about the fastest things in the world in its category. Here I make a compilation of this interesting top to which I have added interesting information about each one thanks to wikipedia. I hope you like it, and if you know of something else mega fast to add to the top, comment.
The fastest elevator: Taipei 101 Tower 60.6 Km / H
This elevator, created by TELC, operates at a speed of 60.6 km per hour and has been officially certified for the 2006 edition of the Guinness Book of Records. At a height of 508 meters, Taipei 101 is currently one of the tallest buildings in the world, having surpassed the 452-meter Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The new building, largely dedicated to housing offices, is called Taipei 101 because it rises 101 stories above ground level, in addition to having five underground floors.
The fastest aircraft: North American X-15 7.214 Km / H
The North American X-15 was a rocket aircraft that was part of the X series of experimental aircraft used by the USAF, NASA, and the United States Navy. The X-15 achieved several speed and altitude marks in the early 1960s, reaching the limit with outer space (Kármán Line) and obtaining information that would be used in the design of aircraft and spacecraft later. During the X-15 program, thirteen flights, performed by eight pilots, met the USAF criteria for space flight by passing 80 km altitude and the pilots were awarded the title of astronauts by the Air Force. Two pilots also received astronaut wings from NASA.
The fastest helicopter: Sikorsky X2 460 Km / H
The Sikorsky X2 is a high-speed hybrid helicopter prototype, and features a double cabin, a quadruple propeller design and six support blades at the rear. Thanks to all this propulsion system, it reaches a cruising speed of 460 kilometers per hour.
The fastest train: JR Maglev 581 Km / H
Maglev transport, or maglev, is a transport system that includes the suspension, guidance and propulsion of vehicles, mainly trains, using a large number of magnets for lift and propulsion based on magnetic levitation.
Fastest Spaceship: Voyager 1 17Km / s
Voyager is a 722-kilogram robotic space probe, launched on September 5, 1977, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. It currently remains operational, continuing its extended mission which is to locate and study the limits of the solar system, including the Kuiper belt and beyond, as well as to explore immediate interstellar space, until the end of the mission. On August 25, 2012, just over 19 billion kilometers from the star king or 122 AU, the probe leaves the heliopause behind, being the first to reach interstellar space. Voyager is currently the fastest and furthest man-made object out of reach.
The fastest boat: Spirit of Australia 511.11 Km / H
The hydrofoil is a type of motorboat used exclusively for competition. One of the characteristics about these boats is that they only use water for propulsion and steering, not for floating. When it goes at maximum speed, it is held on the water, by a principle of fluid dynamics known as “planing”, with only a small fraction of its hull touching the water. In the 1980s, the use of helicopter turboshaft engines from the Vietnam War increased. The most common turbine used is the Lycoming T55, L-7C, used in the CH-47 Chinook. In 1978, Australian Ken Warby broke the speed record at 511.11 km / h or about 275 knots with his “Spirit of Australia”, at Blowering Dam, NSW Australia, which until now has not been beaten.
The fastest submarine: Soviet K-222 82.8 Km / H
Although it is difficult to know if this is actually the fastest, because information from submarines tends to be a state secret, the submarine that is recognized as the fastest in the world is the Soviet K-222. It was the first submarine built with a titanium hull. It has nuclear propulsion and powerful engines that give it an incredible speed of 44.7 knots or the equivalent of 82.8 km / h.
The fastest commercial car: Bugatti Veyron 431 Km / H
The Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 is a granturismo supercar designed and developed by the Volkswageny Group produced in Molsheim, France by Bugatti Automobiles SAS This car is a perfectly balanced combination of high-power performance and elegant design. Its design honors a great heritage in automobile history, resulting in the typical Bugatti profile with the classic. He worked hard on his weight reduction using a lot of carbon fiber, and he set a Guinness record for speed of over 431km / h.
The fastest non-commercial car: Thrust SSC 1,232 Km / H
Thrust SSC (acronym in English for SuperSonic Car) is a British mix of automobile and fighter plane. On October 15, 1997, ERIC reached 1,232.93km / h, breaking the sound barrier by setting speed Mach1,002. Such an achievement was made possible by using two Rolls Royce Spey 202 afterburner turbofan engines like those used in F-4 Phantom II fighters. The Thrust SSC weighs 10 tons, accelerates from 0 to 160 kilometers per hour in 4 seconds and its power is equal to that of 145 Formula 1 cars.
The fastest roller coaster: Formula Rossa 240 Km / h
It is the fastest roller coaster in the world and reaches a top speed of 240 km / h (150 mph). It simulates a journey in a Ferrari Formula 1 car, a mark on which the theme of the park revolves. The trip reaches its maximum speed after 4.5 seconds, with a hydraulic launch system that is similar to that used in some aircraft carriers. The roller coaster is about 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) long, ranking it fifth in the world. Due to the attraction’s high-speed concurrency and Abu Dhabi dust storms, passengers must wear protective goggles.
Fastest Man: Usain Bolt 100m in 9.58 Sec
Usain Bolt is a Jamaican athlete who specializes in speed tests. He holds eight world titles and six Olympic titles, and also holds the world records for the 100 and 200 m sprints, and the 4 × 100 relay race with the Jamaican team. He is one of seven athletes in history who have won titles in the youth, junior and absolute categories. It is known as “Lightning Bolt” (lightning bolt).
Fastest Woman: Florence Griffith Joyner 100m in 10.49 Sec
Florence Griffith Joyner was an American sprinting athlete who won three gold medals and one silver at the 1988 Seoul Olympics and broke the world records for 100m and 200m. Her full name was Delorez Florence Griffith-Joyner, and she was popularly known as Flo-Jo.
The fastest land animal: Cheetah (Cheetah) 115 Km / H
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), also called cheetah (from Sanskrit through Arabic, like English ‘cheetah’), is an atypical member of the felidae family. It is the only representative of the genus Acinonyx. It hunts thanks to its sight and great speed. It is the fastest land animal, reaching a top speed between 95 and 115 km / h in short races of a maximum of 400 to 500 meters. Females can have up to five cubs per litter. His main prey is the gazelle.
The fastest aquatic animal: Sailfish 119 Km / H
At short distances, the metallic blue sailfish are one of the fastest fish in the sea. It can reach up to 119 km / h according to studies carried out thanks to its hydrodynamic and muscular body. It has a stiff, C-shaped tail, ideal for speed; and its tall dorsal fin, or “sail,” cuts through the water like a ship’s propeller. The muzzle tapers to a very sharp point. It feeds on fish and squid, and releases its eggs in the high seas. At three meters long and weighing one hundred kilos, it is also one of the most elegant animals in the ocean.
The fastest aerial animal: Peregrine Falcon 300 Km / H
The peregrine falcon is a species of falconiform bird of the Falconidae family with a cosmopolitan distribution. It is a large hawk, the size of a raven, with a blue-gray back and a whitish underside with dark spots; the head is black and has a broad and characteristic mustache also black in color. It can fly at a cruising speed of 100 km / h, but when hunting in a dive it can reach over 300 km / h, making it the fastest animal in the world.
Fastest computer: Tianhe-2 33.86 petaflops
It is possible that by the time you read this this is no longer the fastest computer, but as of the time of publishing this article it was. While an ordinary computer can perform about 100 million calculations in one second, it does 33.860 trillion per second. That’s on average, because in theory the machine can operate at up to 54.9 petaflops per second. The project was sponsored by the Chinese government’s 863 High-Tech Program, an effort to make its high-tech industries more competitive and less dependent on foreign rivals.
The fastest thing: Photons of light 300,000 km / s
In modern physics, the photon is the elementary particle responsible for the quantum manifestations of the electromagnetic phenomenon. It is the carrier particle for all forms of electromagnetic radiation, including gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet light, visible light (electromagnetic spectrum), infrared light, microwaves, and radio waves. The photon has zero invariant mass and travels in a vacuum with a constant speed. Like all quanta, the photon has both corpuscular and wave properties (“wave-corpuscle duality”). Its speed is recognized as the “limit” speed of nature and so far nothing is known that travels faster than light.