Sea level is projected to rise between 3.5 and 34.6 inches between 1990 and 2100, causing a flood of valuable land, India told a UN body while indicating that regions on the country’s west coast, like Khambat and Kutch in Gujarat and Mumbai, they are among the most “vulnerable” “areas.
The Minister of State for the Environment, Mahesh Sharma, in a written response in Lok Sabha, said that the Ganga, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Mahanadi deltas on the east coast may be threatened due to this rise in sea level. .
“Sea levels are changing at different speeds along the Indian coast according to studies conducted by the Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services. The Second National Communication submitted by India to the United Nations Framework Convention projects United Nations on Climate Change increased sea levels by 3.5 to “34.6 inches between 1990 and 2100, which can result in saline coastal groundwater, endanger wetlands and flood valuable lands and coastal communities,” Sharma said.
He was asked whether rising sea levels due to global warming posed a threat to the country’s coastal villages.
“The most vulnerable stretches along the western coast of India are Khambat and Kutch in Gujarat, Mumbai and parts of the Konkan coast and southern Kerala. The Ganges, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Mahanadi deltas in the East coast may be threatened, along with irrigated land and a number of urban and other settlements that are situated on them, “said Sharma.
He stated that the government is committed to taking proactive measures to protect the country’s coastal areas and communities. He said that the Notification of the Coastal Regulatory Zone (CRZ), 2011 and the Notification of the Island Protection Zone (IPZ), 2011 are applied and implemented by the Coastal Zone Management Authorities (CZMA) of the states and the UT.
Under current regulations, these CZMAs have been empowered to investigate cases of alleged violations of the provisions of the notifications and take appropriate measures in accordance with the law.
“According to the 2017 State Forest Report, there has been a net increase of 181 square kilometers in the country’s mangrove cover compared to the 2015 assessment,” he said.
The other measures taken by the government are aimed at protecting the livelihoods of fishing communities, preserving the coastal ecology, initiating an integrated coastal zone management project with objectives of building capacity for implementation of comprehensive coastal management, delimitation of the erosion line along the entire coastline that covers the continental coastal states / UT as part of the risk line mapping exercise carried out by Survey of India among others.