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Google publishes the Android SDK

Additionally, Google will dedicate $ 10 million to developers whose applications are judged “innovative and essential” by the Open Handset Alliance (OHA), the organization in charge of overseeing the Android platform.

Along with the publication of the SDK, Google has also provided more details on Android, an open source development platform that contains a complete set of components, including an operating system, a middleware stack, user interface and applications.

Android is built on the Linux 2.6 kernel, and includes a virtual machine called Dalvik to maximize the performance of the application and will be supplied with a central core of applications including an email client, an SMS program (Short Message Service; Short Message Service), a calendar, maps and a browser based on the open source WebKit engine.

According to Google, the entire Android platform will be free in 2008 under Apache’s version 2 open source license.

Google also notes that the SDK is designed for developers to “extend, replace, and reuse” software components, and it comes with debugging tools, libraries, and a device emulator along with sample projects.

Along with the SDK is also supplied a plug-in that allows you to integrate the tools with the open source development platform Eclipse.

To use the SDK, developers must download it on an x86-based computer with Windows XP or Vista, Mac OS X 10.4.8 or later, or Linux Ubuntu Dapper Drake or later.

Google has indicated that developers will also need Eclipse 3.2 or later, with the Java Development Tools and the Android SDK plug-in, or Java and Javac 1.5 or 1.6, Apache Ant (an integrated development environment), and Python 2.2 or later.

The Android SDK can be downloaded from here.

More information about the Android Developer Challenge: on this site.