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We explain how to compress files in Windows 10

Compressing files in Windows 10 is very easy, either natively or with third-party applications. The difference between some applications and others is -basically- the cost and integrity of the information, since many times in the compression process files can be corrupted and not work properly afterwards. Here, what really matters is the compression rate.

folders in a row blue and one red to compress files in Windows 10

Have you ever wondered why only 15 songs come on a music CD, but 150 or more fit on the same CD in MP3 format? The answer is very simple: MP3 files, as well as most of the most used music, photo and video formats, are already compressed. Music discs use the CDA format and do not use any form of compression. Mystery solved.

To consider a compression rate acceptable, it must be at least 40% for it to be worth it. This rate does not depend on the program you use, but directly on the data you are going to compress. For example, if you are going to compress text files, Excel files, databases and in general, files that do not contain images, music or video, you can achieve a compression rate of 70% or more. While in images, music or video it would barely reach 5%, which means that it is not always worth compressing such files.

In any case, compression is useful for when you need to send a certain number of files and consolidate them into one. For cases of transferring files that are too large, there are special pages, although it is not recommended to send confidential information, even when they are automated processes.

In this guide, we will first show you how to compress a single file in Windows 10, and then how to compress a folder. After learning how to compress your files, we will show you how to open a ZIP file, so you can access the uncompressed files again. Let us begin!

Compress a single file

This is the basic method, it is about compressing a single file. The reason is the least of it; Compressing the file will reduce its overall size and make it easier to send.

Step 1: Look for the File Browser in the Windows 10 taskbar (the folder icon).

Windows 10 File Explorer with the option to compress a file

Step 2: Find the file you want to compress.

Step 3– Click the right mouse button with the pointer on the file.

Step 4: Choose Send to in the menu.

Step 5: select the option Compressed folder in the next menu.

Step 6: change the name of your new ZIP file and press the key Enter.

Compress multiple files

This method is useful for grouping multiple files, both for size and organization reasons. This is a smart idea when packing files, but also to keep files together and free up disk space.

Step 1: Look for the File Browser in the Windows 10 taskbar (the folder icon).

Windows 10 File Explorer with the option to compress multiple files

Step 2– Browse for the files you want to add to a single ZIP file.

Step 3: Select all files by holding down the mouse button and dragging the pointer across the screen. Your mouse will create a blue selection box. All files within this box are highlighted with a light blue color.

Step 4– Release the mouse button and right click on the files highlighted in light blue.

Step 5: Select Send to in the menu.

Step 6: Select the Compressed folder option in the following menu.

Step 7: change the name of your new ZIP file and press the key Enter.

Compress an entire folder

If you want to compress multiple files into a single folder, this is the method you should choose. When unzipped, all files will be downloaded to a folder created during the compression process.

Step 1: Look for the File Browser in the Windows 10 taskbar (the folder icon).

Windows 10 File Explorer with the option to compress a folder with files

Step 2– Browse for the folder you want to add to a single ZIP file.

Step 3: Click the right mouse button with the pointer on the folder.

Step 4: Select Send to in the menu.

Step 5: Select the Compressed folder option in the following menu.

Step 6: change the name of your new ZIP file and press the key Enter.

Unzip a ZIP file

Finally, we are going to unzip a ZIP file in Windows 10. Windows 10 uses an algorithm to scan your file, temporarily delete all the repetitive information and create a new file with a smaller size and a new file extension: ZIP. Here we explain how to do it.

Step 1: Look for the File Browser in the Windows 10 taskbar (the folder icon).

Step 2: find the file you want to extract unzip.

Step 3– Right-click the file with the pointer.

Step 4: Choose Remove all in the menu.

Step 5– On the next pop-up screen, select where you want Windows 10 to download the files.

Step 6: Once you choose a location, click Select folder

Step 7: finally, click the button Extract.

To unzip the files and return them to their previous state, Windows 10 scans the file, checks what was deleted when compressing and inserts the necessary information in the file and then you will have your unzipped files.

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