The hope for many countries that are on technical failures to prevent natural disasters with human losses is not lost, and apparently, the solution to this is already tangible, as a team of researchers from the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) has created a system that has managed to detect, up to two weeks in advance, the electromagnetic signals that preceded 15 earthquakes that occurred in Peru in the last two years.
These revelations, according to the director of the Institute of Radio Astronomy (INRAS) of the PUCP, Jorge Heraud, could be carried out thanks to a network of 10 stations that register electromagnetic signals that release the Nazca and Continental plates, which remain in constant contact, which makes it possible to anticipate a seismic movement in this country.
“We use physical and non-seismic methods because, more or less two weeks before an earthquake, we capture electromagnetic pulses that occur in the pressure zones and increase. We already detected 12 earthquakes in the Lima area and about three in the south, ”he explained.
Similarly, Heraud said that each station – of the 10 currently distributed between northern Lima (Aucallama) and Tacna – It has a magnetometer, solar and mobile energy panels which the Institute uses to receive information and communicate with them through text messages.
“The communication is automatic. We receive the data via the Internet and also, to know what the battery voltage is or what is the energy supplied by the solar panel, from our base we can find out, ”said the director of INRAS, adding that this study is the only one in the world that has had positive results.
In this regard, Heraud said that more research is needed to consolidate this system, affirming at the same time that it expects that the network of the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the PUCP will increase between 60 and 70 stations more so that the findings affirm the results in the operative plane.
Likewise, the scientist will know that he hopes to meet with a representative of the National Institute of Civil Defense (Indeci) to inform about the progress of the study, and coordinate future actions to prevent these telluric movements.
These studies are expected to be carried out in other latitudes. taking into consideration the aspects that this team of Peruvian researchers has brought to their success in their work, tips that could be the key so that in other countries, such as Chile or Indonesia, they could make improvements in their methods of motion detection seismic and with it the prevention of unfortunate events in the face of these events.
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