To have more storage capacity on your Mac or MacBook, you may be thinking of buying an external memory, uninstalling programs from your computer or simply starting from scratch and formatting your machine to factory settings.
Now, did you know that there are many other ways to win in memory cards? You will find them all in this article: from emptying the trash to storing your documents in the cloud, through getting rid of duplicate files.
When all computers carried hard drives, they allow us to have much more space in our Macs, but with solid state drives, despite having other advantages, the capacity has been significantly limited.
In addition, it is usual to save high resolution videos and images, which inevitably takes up a lot of space. Below we explain how to always have at least 10 percent free space so that your Mac can work well.
Tip 1. Manage your free storage with macOS
With the release of the macOS Sierra operating system version in 2016, Apple introduced a new optimized storage feature that allows you to delete files from your Mac that you no longer need and transfer others to iCloud.
Although your computer will send you an alert when you are running out of free space, we recommend checking from time to time how much you have available to not get any surprises. These are the steps to follow.
one. Click on the apple icon to the far left of the top toolbar and choose the option About this Mac from the drop-down menu.
two. In the new floating window, make sure the label is selected Storage. The horizontal bar represents your hard disk or SSD, which is divided into colors, corresponding to each category of files you have saved.
In our case, for example, we have 459.36 GB available. The rest is occupied by the macOS system itself, the gigas used by other users, installed applications and others. You may also have saved photos and music in your case.
3. Now, click on the button Manage to see in more detail the space used. In the new window, see sections dedicated to iCloud, trash, iTunes, mail, iBooks, iOS files and much more.
Tip 2. Activate the Optimize storage option
A good way to free up space automatically, so you don't have to worry about doing so, is to use the Optimize storage option, to remove series and movies that you have already seen and delete the attachments from your email.
That does not mean that you are going to lose the videos and the deleted files, since your emails will be stored in your iCloud account and the series and movies you bought on iTunes can always be downloaded again.
one. Repeat the three steps indicated in the previous section: go to About this Mac from the apple-shaped icon on the toolbar, tap on Storage and finally hit Manage.
two. In the same window, click on the button Optimize what do you see on the right hand side of the option Optimize storage. Confirm the action by clicking again on Optimize.
3. When the process is over, see that in the button next to the option Optimize storage now he says Completed.
Tip 3. Program the automatic emptying of the trash
Another very practical way to let macOS manage your storage for you is with the option to automatically empty the trash after the files you no longer need have accumulated there for 30 days.
one. Carry out the steps indicated in the first trick listed in this article: press the Apple from the toolbar, select About this Mac and, in the new window, click on Storage, followed by Manage.
two. Now, locate the option Empty the trash automatically from the list and hit the button Activate. You must confirm by giving Activate in the floating window.
3. Finally, you will be able to verify that it has actually been activated by looking at the button on the right hand side of the option, which should now be that of Completed.
Tip 4. Use the option Reduce clutter
Another function that allows you to perform macOS is to review the content you have saved on your computer to delete what you no longer need. Although you can do it manually, we recommend using this option to avoid neglecting anything.
one. As indicated in the first advice on the list, go to About this Mac by clicking on the block in the upper right corner and, with the label Storage selected, press the button Manage.
two. Click on the button Review files what do you see right to the right of the option Reduce clutter.
3. In the new window, you can see a list of the files that take up more space, as well as the downloads you have saved on your computer. You can also use the file browser.
4. Now, hover over a file and click on the magnifying glass icon That you see on the right hand side of his name. This allows you to take a quick look to determine if you want to keep it or not.
5. Finally, if you have decided to delete it, return the cursor to the file in question and, on this occasion, click on the cross shaped icon. Confirm that you want to delete it by giving Remove.
Tip 5. Store your files in iCloud
The process of storing your files in your iCloud account is not as easy and fast as the previous ones. Currently, Apple only offers 5 GB of free cloud storage, so if you want to be able to make the most of it you will have to pay.
In Spain – and in any other country within the eurozone – prices are as follows: 50 GB for 0.99 per month; 200 GB for 2.99 per month; 2 TB for 9.99 per month. In Mexico, on the other hand, 17, 49 and 179 pesos are charged per month respectively.
one. In order to save all your documents in iCloud, the first thing you will have to do is follow the steps described in the first section of this article: select About this Mac, followed by Storage Y Manage.
two. On the new screen, click on Save to iCloud so that only the most recent files are saved on your Mac and the rest are automatically stored in iCloud.
3. Now, you will have the option to select or deselect the boxes of Desk and Documents, Photos Y Messages to choose the files from which folders you want to transfer to the cloud. Then hit Save to iCloud.
4. In order to continue, you must log in to your iCloud account.
The problem this entails is the following: you can end up downloading the photos of all your Apple devices on your Mac. If you find yourself in this situation, it may be best to delete those photos from your computer, although they will still be in iCloud.
On the other hand, we find it smart to invest in any other type of external storage to save all your photos in case you have many. So you avoid that your devices are filled with hundreds of images.
Tip 6. Use another cloud storage service
If iCloud does not convince you, you should know that there are others cloud storage services, like Dropbox or OneDrive, although you should know that, if you have the application installed, it will make your Mac's hard drive fill up quickly.
That is because by default these services are automatically synchronized with your computer, which allows you to access its contents from a folder on your Mac that obviously takes up space.
Now, fortunately, in both services you have the option to synchronize only certain files or folders, which logically occupy less gigabytes. On the other hand, you can also choose to access the content only from the web.
Tip 7. Do a photo and music cleaning
The first thing to do when you want to free up space on a device is to think about the files you use most, such as your image gallery. It is worth checking, destrict those that you no longer need and transfer those that are in another device.
Also, your iTunes library is surely another reason why you are running out of memory. In this sense, you have several options on how to continue to continue enjoying good music without affecting the space of your Mac.
- Copy the original files from your iTunes library to an external device and configure iTunes to locate them all from now on. This trick may be useful for iMac users, but not so much for MacBook users.
- Use a network-connected storage device to archive your songs and access them whenever your computer is connected to the NAS.
- Subscribe to iTunes Match to access your music from any of your devices, even if you imported the songs from a CD. This plan is priced at 24.99 per month for users in Spain.
- Subscribe to Apple Music for 9.99 per month or 4.99 and 14.99 if you are a student or a family respectively. This option allows you to access the entire Apple music library and thus not have to have song files on your Mac.
Tip 8. Cow the trash manually
As we have said before, it is very easy to accumulate files and more files that we no longer need in the trash. You can choose to have them removed after 30 days or do it manually more often by clicking on the Empty button.
Tip 9. Delete files from your download folder
Apart from the trash, another folder that usually takes up a lot of unnecessary space is the one for downloads, which we usually ignore more often than we should. It accumulates documents, images and installation files that you may not need anymore.
In fact, we especially recommend deleting those files that once allowed you to install a new program on your Mac. Also take a look at the documents, since in many cases they are just duplicates.
Trick 10. Get rid of duplicate files
To make sure that you really delete the files that you have more than one copy on your Mac you will need the help of a program designed for it, as is the case with Gemini 2, Declutter or Singlemizer.
There are several reasons why we accumulate duplicate files, either because we have chosen the option Copy to iTunes Media the files added to the library in iTunes preferences, or because we have downloaded a file more than once.
Tip 11. Delete your email attachments in Mail
As the Mail application settings are configured by default, the attachments of the emails they receive are automatically stored in the ~ / Library / Mail folder on your Mac.
In the Mail configuration, you can select an option that will cause the attached files to be deleted from that folder automatically once you have deleted the email from your inbox.
Trick 12. Close background applications
Although it may not seem so, close applications that have been open for days and that we do not use or even reset your Mac from time to time to help you have more free space on your computer or laptop.
Applications create temporary files to store data that will be larger and larger the longer we have that program open. When you close it, these cache files will be deleted and recover the space they occupied on your disk.
Tip 13. Remove programs that you no longer use
Today, there are applications for everything and they are so easy to download that it is very common to accumulate programs on our Mac. That makes us run out of space very quickly. But to recover memory, it is not enough just to delete the program.
For every application we have installed, there is also another folder with almost all the files you need to be able to work, but getting rid of them is not a piece of cake. To do this you need to use cleaners such as App Cleaner or AppZapper.
Tip 14. Check which other applications take up more space
Once you have got rid of those programs that you know occupy many gigabytes and that you no longer need, it is also worth using apps like GrandPerspective, DaisyDisk or CleanMyMac 2 to make a more thorough analysis.
You can also do it easily without using an external program simply by following the steps below.
one. Go to the folder Macintosh HD of the Finder, followed by Users, to find the one that icon has one in the form of house. You can use the shortcut by pressing the Shift, Command and H keys at the same time.
two. Then, also use the shortcut Command and F to be able to search through your files and, after clicking on the Class button, choose Other from the drop-down menu.
3. Now you should have opened another window. Swipe down until you find the option File Size. Select it using the box on the right hand side and click on the button To accept.
4. After determining what information you want the file search process to consider, you will have to give the button the same as and select is greater than, change the KB drive to MB and choose a file size, such as 100.
5. Finally, you can see all the files larger than the size indicated on your computer. Simply remove or uninstall to free up space on your Mac.
For more related information, you can learn to format your device to its factory settings, uninstall programs and applications that you no longer use or Use some type of external memory.