After some uncertainty and under the pressure of the US government, positioned against it, the United Kingdom has decided on Tuesday to allow Huawei to be one of the technical partners that participate in the deployment of the country's 5G networks. This approval is, however, very limited.
This has been published by the English media, such as Reuters, which point to a resistance to Trump's government guidelines by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
Huawei remains, however, framed within what they call "high-risk providers", but after all, suppliers. Thus, Huawei could handle the "non-sensitive" parts of the 5G infrastructure. That is, it will not have participation in the central part, but rather in the deployment of antennas and other peripheral equipment.
And even in this case, your participation will be limited to 35% of the total investment. However, Huawei has been satisfied with the resolution of the UK executive, whose communications secretary Nicky Morgan has described as "a specific solution for the United Kingdom for specific reasons in the United Kingdom and the decision addresses the challenges we face in this moment".
In a statement obtained by HypertextVictor Zhang, the vice president of Huawei catalogs this reassuring decision:
"For Huawei it is reassuring the confirmation of the UK government to allow us to continue working with our clients to continue with the 5G deployment in the country. This decision, based on evidence, will result in a more advanced, safer and more secure telecommunications infrastructure greater cost efficiency for the future, giving the United Kingdom access to leading technology and guaranteeing a competitive market. "
Security, hypothetical and future costs
This partial permission to Huawei has two possible readings. The one made by the telecommunications giant based in Shenzen, and the one that at an effective level are limiting free trade in this type of infrastructure, increasingly considered more overtly as strategic. They do, in addition, based on some warnings about espionage on which no evidence has yet been submitted.
The United Kingdom is not the first country to establish such limitations to Huawei. Before them came the United States, Australia, New Zealand or Japan. The problem is that, as defined by Therese Raphael in Bloomberg, "the security costs of a prohibition are hypothetical and future, while the economic costs will be real and in the present."
MS in Hypertext