On January 4, 1934, Samuel Brennan was arrested in Manchester for stealing a tire. His arrest appeared in the local edition of
The guardian of the next day. Brennan, who had in his record no less than 124 arrests for drunkenness and theft, confessed at the moment: "Yes, I stole it. He had a few drinks and confused him with a lifeguard. He was going to look for
Loch Ness Monster".
If the beodo and the wheel had reached the lake, the scene will not be the rarest that the monster has seen in the past 86 years. In the event that it exists, the beast will have attended all kinds of nonsense designed to find it. And another thing that Nessie has seen – be it a seal, a catfish, a bank of eels or a log – is almost a century of technological progress plowing through the dark waters of Scotland's second deepest lake.
Since in May 1933 a businessman and his wife
the legend was resurrected after declaring to have seen a huge creature "with a body similar to that of a whale", all kinds of expeditions have approached the highlands to try their luck. The last one, this year.
But, let us start at the beginning.
1933: Reluctant aircraft
In December the year that gave new bro to the monster's search,
The guardian He published the result of a debate in the House of Commons on the relevance of dedicating Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft to track down Nessie. "The honorable gentlemen shall invite the assistance of the area force to observe and
photograph this creature, so that the unique opportunity to increase our scientific knowledge is not wasted? "
The question aroused laughter and the flights that were made later saw no more than floating objects that might have been confused with an animal.
1934: 'Fake news', jump to the screen and lethargy
The next summer there were already announcements of cruises in the highland lakes in the newspaper. "A walk that now becomes a glamorous adventure, since at any moment the monster of Loch Ness can decide to show itself," announced Royal Mail Steamers. Now we call it experience tourism.
In September, Kodak Studios in Kingsway showed the first 60 seconds of what appeared to be the moving monster. Three things stood out
The guardian: his speed, the wake he left and an apparent hump. "Certainly there was no suggestion of the long neck of the brontosaurus. The film will soon be shown to a group of experts who may be able to identify it once and for all." Illusive
After the initial furor, which was accompanied by some other photographic montage and false footprints made with hippo legs, they would reach quieter years. In 1937, Sir Arthur Keith wondered if the monster's problem would not be a more interesting matter for psychologists than for zologos. Twenty years later, the monster will return to the House of Commons, by Hector Hughes, who asked the Secretary of State for Scotland if he planned to take advantage of recent great advances in underwater photography and television techniques to investigate the lake. Captain John MacLeod suggested to Hugues that he himself go to look for the monster. I swim.
1961: The landing of the Academy
Almost three decades later, the interest resurfaces, this time with the endorsement of the then new rector of the University of Aberdeen, Peter Scott. "The time has come when serious zoological attention should be paid to this matter. I would like to start with a general survey of the lake, planned in such a way that if Nessie does not appear, we have at least some interesting language results," he said in his inaugural speech This last idea now becomes a constant: regardless of what the lake has in its belly – if it has anything – the scientists who have ventured to study it have not returned with empty hands.
Scott's posture was not isolated, a year before, little research had already been done on the lake promoted by the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. And other respected voices had sounded, such as that of the zologo Denys Tucker, crying out of necessity and investigating the lake. l was convinced there was something inside: a
1962: All meat on the grill
In June 1962, the thing got interesting. "We don't want any more theory, we want proof," said Lt. Col. H. G Hassler, leader of one of the two expeditions that searched the lake that summer. In that search for evidence no resources were spared.
To begin with, they wanted to hear the sweet voice of the monster: underwater listening devices of different frequencies were installed (in case Nessie had echolocation skills like those of dolphins) and another microphone hung on the surface of the lake. "An electronic device translating any ultrasonic sound into audible ranges that will be recorded," he explained
The Observer, which also sponsors both campaigns.
Echosounders were also used, such as those used by Norwegian fishing boats, designed to operate in the narrowness of their fjords. The plan was to sweep the lake in search of schools of fish, waste and any entity that entered its ranges (about 450 meters). Nor did they disgust binoculars and cameras, which were installed in five observation posts around the lake. "The main need now is for more detailed tests: a closer look at the phenomenon, better quality photographs and study of the width and length of the lake with the latest electronic techniques."
The results of all this were quite ambiguous. On the one hand, most of the few anomalies detected were not enough to shout: "Monster!". On the other hand, hope: "We cannot say with conviction that the Loch Ness monster does not exist. In fact, the little evidence we have obtained suggests that there is an animal in the lake." That s, smaller.
1968: Welcome Mister Sonar
The bland results of the 1962 expeditions cooled the moods until the University of Birmingham arrived
With the sonar under the arm. The team, developed by the head of electronic engineering of the entity, promises better results … And it seemed to get them: "This piece was much more refined than the previous ones. From the evidence we have, there is some kind of animal life in the depths of the lake, whose behavior is difficult to attribute to that of the fish. "
1970: The monster is dead, long live the monster
New summer, new news. In 1970 we had killed Nessie. This was the theory that Douglas Drysdale developed after finding high acid content in the waters of the rivers that were going to give the lake. The source of this lethal contamination, he suggests, was probably the nitrates of fertilizers used by farmers in the area.
The Americans disagreed. From the Belmont Academy of Applied Sciences came four researchers armed with the sound of rigor and a little "essence of sex" extracted from eels, manates and sea lions, among others. With these last substances, combined with sounds of the same species, they hoped to seduce the little animal, attract it to the surface, capture it with the sonar and, at best, take a picture. The result, as always: neither yes nor no.
1972: A million pounds for Nessie
The April 1962 announcement seemed taken from the reveries of Samuel Brennan (the one with the wheel): the whiskey maker Cutty Sark offered 1 million pounds to the one who captured the live monster.
1973: French submarine full of Japanese
The Japanese businessman Yoshiu Kou sponsors a new search that raised blisters among the neighbors of the monster, who assumed that the plan was to kill him. The strategy was apparently different: after hunting Nessie with the help of nets, harpoons, tranquilizers and a French submarine, he will take you on a world tour.
1975: The definitive photos?
At the end of the year, an imminent conference was announced that promises to dispel once and for all doubts about the existence of the monster. The response of the responsible investigator, Robert Rines was a resounding s. And his seemingly irrefutable evidence comes from a photo taken with a camera equipped with a powerful lighting system developed by Harold Edgerton, professor at MIT. A few weeks later, a Scottish librarian commented that, according to the descriptions of the photographs, the monster they were talking about was probably part of the lost dare of a film shot in the 60s.
The presentation aroused above all indignation: on the one hand, the photos were not minimally revealing; on the other, the scientific community that already accumulated long experience investigating the lake exploded against "amateurs who invent new animals after a couple of summers dipping cameras in the lake". Rines, meanwhile, promised to return the next summer.
1976: Perseverance and remote control cameras
The Boston Academy of Applied Sciences returns to the lake headed by Rine.
The Pas He called it "the greatest scientific exploration of the enigma of Loch Ness". Shifts were established in front of a television screen that reproduces the news of the lake. In case of strange movements, the operators will take snapshots manipulating a stereoscopic camera by remote control. In addition, Edgerton's improved cameras were reinstalled, programmed to take photos every 15 seconds. Arrived October, Rine admitted defeat: "We had bad luck this summer, but we did not lose heart."
1983: A biopsy
One more summer, the gringos land on the lake. On this occasion, the novelty was Rikki Rzdans and Alan Kielar, who installed a radar and nine harpoons in the lake area apparently more frequented by the monster. When it approaches the area, the projectiles will fire in unison and get a sample of the epidermis of the beast, or not.
1987: More media, more failures
Two dozen boats equipped with the latest sonar technologies starred in the operation Deepscan, which again broke the record of resources invested – a million pounds – and concluded again without more conclusive evidence that certain indications of "something big and that move. " But it gives less a stone: "On the prosaic side of the investigation, the data collected during the 10 days that, in total, will last the operation will serve to increase the knowledge of the abyssal fauna of the lake, to obtain plans of the depths, document the distribution of the fish and know the temperature better in non-surface areas, "he reported
1996: A quincuagenarian false news
The most legendary photo of the creature, which shows its curved neck over the waters of the lake, turned out to be false, and the hoax lasted more than 50 years. Christian Spurling recognized shortly before he died that he had helped a friend with a toy submarine to get the trick image.
1999: Internet, webcams and Google
In the last summer of the nineties, the Scots installed a camera on the surface of the lake, so that the whole world could see Nessie. The turn of the century was quiet. So much, that
In 2015 I quit the search Steve Feltham, a faithful researcher who had spent 24 years hunting the shadow of Nessie.
But the world did not forget the monster: Google dedicated it in April of the same year to one of its famous doodles. However, the animation was not exempt from irona. In it, three aliens make up the crew of a pedal submarine in the shape of an aquatic monster.
2019: The DNA of the lake
This same summer, the geneticist at the University of Otago, Neil Gemmell, passed by the lake to take water samples. Specifically 250, collected at different levels of depth. The goal, picked up Europa Press,
it was to sequence the extracted DNA, to reveal a complete picture of the life present in the lake to answer a question: Is there something big enough to explain the kind of observations people have made over the years?
Gemmell's answer, like everything on the lake, was more or less blunt: "no" to the plesiosaur and the tiburn; and "maybe" to a huge eel. "Eels are very abundant in Loch Ness, with eel DNA found in almost all sampled places, there are many of them. So, they are giant eels? Well, our data does not reveal their size, but the large amount of material says we can't rule out the possibility of giant eels in Loch Ness "
However, the only objective of the researcher was not to find the monster, but to value the technology used: "Now we can use this information as a starting point to study the changes in the environment due to the human impact on the lake. It is a barometer to understand the change over time. "
Shine, who continues to wage war, is in favor of continuing to apply this and other techniques to investigate the lake: "The greatest evolution that has taken place in technology is related to sonar," he said.
Popular Mechanics. "And this has only happened in the last five years …"
The evolution of technology reflected in the search for the Loch Ness monster – LA NACION