25 years have passed since December 3, 1994 in Japan, Sony launched its first
video game console PlayStation (PSX) desktop, a model that has served as a benchmark in the electronic leisure industry and has helped turn its successors into the world's most popular video game consoles.
The growth that PlayStation has experienced during these 25 years has been very great; The company has been evolving and adapting its consoles with new technologies, which has made it become a reference in video games. Sony is currently finalizing the last details of the next
PlayStation 5, which reach the market in late 2020.
Sony vs Nintendo and Philips
However, the origins of the PlayStation family are in a Sony dispute over a gap in the video game industry with Nintendo. Both companies worked on a joint project to incorporate CD games in the Super Nintendo, which was presented at the Consumer Electronic Show technology fair in 1991.
However, the day after this presentation, Nintendo broke relations with Sony to partner with Philips. It was then that Sony began working on its own project to create its own video game console.
This event led to the birth of the
PSX, also known as PlayStation 1, which arrived on the Japanese market on December 3, 1994, although it will not be until September 9, 1995 when it was put up for sale in the stores of other countries.
The PSX quickly became one of the most popular consoles due to the facilities it offered: games were in CD format, introduced 3D graphics and the ability to save game in the 'Memory Card' accessory.
The DualShock debut
Another of Sony's successes with this console was the creation of the DualShock analog control that accompanied it, which thanks to its ergonomic design and vibration function became the role model of other controllers.
Until its withdrawal from the market, almost 8,000 games were published for PlayStation, among which are some of the most important sagas in the world of video games, such as
Final Fantasy or
PlayStation 1 sold 100,000 units the day of its launch in Japan and became the first home console that exceeded 100 million units sold, as recalled by the president and CEO of Sony Interactive Entertainment, Jim Ryan,
in the PlayStation blog.
After "humble beginnings as a Sony department," according to Ryan, the original PlayStation today remains one of the best-selling consoles in history, with more than 102.49 million units worldwide.
The PlayStation saga during this century
Playstation 2 arrived in the market in March 2000, and to date it remains
the world's best selling console (more than 162 million units). The success of this console is in the change of support for games, from CDs to DVDs; in the introduction of the new DualShock 2 and the incorporation of new tools to play.
Among the new features that were added include the camera for the EyeToy console, the microphones for the SingStar or the musical peripherals to play
Guitar hero. There is still no console that has knocked out the PlayStation 2 even though it has been recalled since 2012.
Six years later, Sony launched
Playstation 3. This console changed the support of the games again, this time to Blu-ray, in addition to incorporating an HDMI output port, which allowed to improve the resolution up to 1080p. PlayStation 3 is the first to introduce an internal hard drive, making the 'Memory Cards' disappear.
Another of the innovations of PlayStation 3 was in the controller, which became wireless. This console has sold more than 90 million units worldwide, but it is the console that has generated less sales of all those that make up the PlayStation family of desktop.
PlayStation 4, the current queen
The next generation, and the console that is currently on the market, is the
Playstation 4, which came out in 2013. This console has gained in power and graphic quality with the introduction of a high-performance CPU and GPU, and has even introduced virtual reality, with the PlayStation VR helmet.
The PlayStation 4 has become the second best-selling desktop console in history with more than 102.8 million units sold, surpassing the PSX.
Today the brand has established itself as one of the giants in this industry and remains one of the most important sources of innovation for the videogames sector. Sony wants to continue expanding its legacy with the next generation of its game console, PlayStation 5, which will arrive at Christmas next year.
The future of consoles seems to be linked to virtual reality, streaming game platforms and cross-game between different consoles, trends that bring together the PS5, which compete with
the next Xbox console, Scarlett, and always in force
The PlayStation console family turns 25 – LA NACION