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With its own chips, China wants to be self-sufficient and dominate the world market


Professor Yue is working on a new generation of computer chips

On a university campus on the outskirts of Hong Kong, a group of engineers are designing computer chips that will be used in the next generation of smartphones made in
        
China
        
 .

From a chair in a coffee maker at Stanford University, where he is a professor, Patrick Yue, who is also the chief engineer of the project, talks about the challenges China faces in developing a
Global chip industry for computers.

His research team designs optical communication chips, which use light instead of electrical signals to transfer information, and are used in 5G mobile phones and others.
Internet connected devices.


The president of China Xi Jinping wants to end his country's dependence on chip importsChinese President Xi Jinping wants to end his country's dependence on chip imports

"I think the design will meet as many difficulties as in manufacturing. We don't have (in China) enough research institutes or industrial bases to educate designers," he says.

Yue's department is partially funded by Huawei, the Chinese communications and telecommunications giant that is currently at the center of an international political crisis.

In May, the United States included Huawei in a list of companies with which its American counterparts cannot do business for "security reasons", unless they have a license.

Many industry observers fear that the US-China trade war will deteriorate the global trade in technology supply.

China only produces 16% of its semiconductors

China
It depends on foreign companies to stock up on computer chips and semiconductors, these small devices that are used in everything from electronic products to military hardware.

"Politically everything can be used as a bargaining power," explains Yue.

"If companies and countries begin to retain technology, everyone will be harmed. It is not good from a technological point of view."

China has not hidden its desire to become a technologically self-sufficient nation. Pekn is both the
world's largest importer and consumer of semiconductors.

But currently it only produces 16% of these devices that contribute so much to its technological boom.


Industry observers fear that the US trade war and China deteriorates global trade in technology supplyIndustry observers fear that the US trade war and China deteriorates global trade in technology supply

However, the Asian giant has plans to produce 40% of all semiconductors to use in 2020, and 70% that they need in 2025, an ambitious project stimulated by the
trade war that currently rages with the US