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WW1 Technology: from weapons to the world's first tank

The war forces innovation and, although the First World War ended 100 years ago, there was still a great need to find ways to keep the country moving. From the detection of German submarines to the development of a vehicle that could overcome the trench warfare, there was no lack of ingenuity.

Here is a look at some of the technologies that helped British troops while fighting for Europe. And although 100 years ago, the technology developed to help with the war effort has been in use since then.

Weapons

The British troops were supposed to have received a Webley Mk. V revlver as a standard problem. However, when hostilities broke out they were not enough, which meant that their predecessor, the Mk. IV, was more common in general use.

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A heavy 6-inch British dog fired at the enemy defenses between Dickebusch and Reninghelst on the Western Front during the preparation of the Battle of the Somme on June 15, 1916.

Also a large part of the war effort were the 6-inch BL cannons. These huge weapons were mounted on wheels and deployed on the western front. There were 108 of Mk XIX in use at the end of World War I, but the XIX remained in service until 1940.

Tanks

The Mk 1 tank was the first armored and tracked vehicle in the world to enter service. It was used to break the stalemate of trench warfare and could advance on terrain that was difficult for soldiers.

With wires of country and trenches that prevent the advance of the soldiers, the Mk. 1 was an odd shape, and it didn't have a turret mounted on the ceiling. Instead, the weapons were mounted sideways and were cannons or machine guns.


Mk.1 Tank in action on the western front

Tanks in World War II got a big improvement called Boiling Vessel. Used to heat rations, it was loved by tank units because it produces hot water, which was used to make t.

The boiling vessel is still in British tanks today and plays an important role, keeping the occupants inside the vehicle and away from enemy fire.

In World War I, tank occupants will have to go out for a beer, which was a very bad idea.

Submarines

WW1 was the first time submarines were used effectively. The German submarine had a devastating impact on British supply lines and its effectiveness caused engineers to find creative ways to detect them.


HMS Holland 1 was the first sub deployment deployed by Great Britain. Released in October 1901, only five were built and were only actually used in training due to their limited range.

The first submarines were interesting because they not only worked with disel engines, but also used batteries to move underwater.

Snar and hydrophones.

The ability of the German submarine fleet to cause massive destruction of the surface fleet created the need to detect submarine ships.

During the war, the New Zealand physicist, Sir Ernest Rutherford, helped develop the piezoelectric hydrophone. These were used to detect the sound of German U-Boats to help locate them from the surface.

The hydrophones had a great impact on the effectiveness of the German submarine fleet and helped maintain supply lines to Great Britain.

Although it was not developed until 1920, the sonar systems in use today were developed to improve the hydrohone. While sonar is more common now, the hydrophone is useful for some applications.

Cameras

While it was not part of winning the war, as such, the cameras were used to document what happened. The photographs gave people in the home the opportunity to see the horrors of war and allow us to understand what happened 100 years later.

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The compact camera Pocket Pocket Kodak, also known as VPK or 'Soldiers Kodak', belongs to Captain Robert Harley Egerton Bennett, who only took pictures during his stay in Ypres, Belgium, during the First World War.

The Vest Pocket Kodak camera was small, portable and could be carried in a jacket pocket. The cameras became popular among British troops who wanted a way to document their travels and their lives during the war. What are your most important pieces of war technology, let us know in the comments below.