Another year, another MacOS: the 10:15 version of the operating system for Mac is calledKatherineand reaches the end of the year to bring greater integration with the iPad, better protect your information and death decree one of the most emblematic programs of Manzana, iTunes, after almost twenty years in active service.
And what are the 10 most important novelties of Catalina, or "Cat", for the past?I have installed the beta on my MacBook and I count everything in the next few minutes.
New features of MacOS Catalina on video
1. iTunes disappears
ITunes was launched in 2001 as a music player and has since won a lot of functions.Much.Even.Both Apple itself played with the fact that a long time ago: you just have to have a calendar, an email client, a web browser and a dock to open other applications within iTunes.Fortunately, MacOS Catalina ended the mess.
The giant Apple application was divided into three: music,podcastsand Apple TV.None of them synchronize data or local backup of iPhones and iPads: now, the tool is inside the Finder, which makes much more sense.This should also strengthen Apple's new streaming service, the Apple TV +, which will be launched in the third quarter and will no longer be under one umbrella.
2. A dedicated podcast player
Do you know what else can be strengthened with the death of iTunes?The podcastsThey have become the favorite of the media in 2019, receiving strong investments and a new public MacOS is certainly a good showcase for podcasts, which until then were hidden inside a menu on iTunes.
In addition to having developed an independent application, Apple created new podcast categories, notifying users when a new episode is published and the search tool better, allowing search by presenter, guest or subject.The episodes will be automatically transcribed by Apple, to make it easier to find what you want.
It is surprising that Apple has only made that move now, since the company has always had a giant collection, today with more than 700 thousand registered programs – and the name "podcast" is named after one of its products, the iPod.
3. Catalyst: iPad applications on the Mac
In MacOS 10.14 of Mojave, Apple showed an embryo of what is now officially known as Catalyst Project.Basically, Catalina opens the space for developers to access their iPad applications for MacOS easily.This implies social networks such as Twitter, professional tools, such as Jira, or even heavier games.
I have followed a session for developers in which Apple explained the process of migrating an iPad application to the Mac. There are only three steps:
1) Mark an option in Xcode to compile the application for MacOS.
2) make sure the application works well on the iPad, with support for large screen, external keyboard and other resources.
3) Customize the application for the Mac, being able to place toolbars, mens and shortcuts in the Touch Bar of the MacBook.
Apple does not admit, but it seems to me a way to bring even more the iOS (now iPadOS) of macOS that, according to rumors, must roll on chips of Apple itself with ARM architecture from 2020. We will see.
4. iPad as a second screen: Sidecar
The approach of macOS with the iPad is not reduced to applications.With the Sidecar feature, Catalina can use the tablet as a second screen, essentially killing applications such as Duet Display, which cost R $ 54.90.
The Sidecar is very versatile.To use the iPad as a mirror or an extension of the Mac screen, and the connection can be made with or without wires.It has more: the Touch Bar, which is restricted to the most expensive MacBooks Pro, can be displayed at the bottom of the iPad screen.And the iPad still becomes a digitizing table, allowing illustrations or simply scribbling with the Apple Pencil on the Mac.
5. Time of use
Digital wellness resources are a trend: they are already on iOS,Androidand now MacOS.The screen time shows how you are spending your time on the Mac, what applications are used and how many notifications you are receiving.Sometimes I think I am working beyond the account, or that I am very distracted on a given day – this new function can help in the diagnosis.
Naturally, usage data can be synchronized with iCloud and combined with the time it takes on the iPhone and iPad.In addition, parents have gained additional controls: you can choose with whom your child can communicate at certain times, and restrict the time they can stay in front of the computer.
6. Protection against theft
The activation lock finally reached the Mac.On iPhones and iPads, this feature makes theft and theft of electronics almost useless: even if someone restores the device to the factory settings, they can only use it after typing the owner's iCloud password correctly.
With the feature activated, the theft of Macs is also worthwhile.Of course, someone can disassemble the machine and sell the parts separately.But, in that case, what is a problem of Apple ends up becoming a force: MacBooks are less and less "repairable" by the user, with components all welded or glued, so that there is not so much to take advantage of a Mac locked.
7. More protected data
There are some changes in macOS permissions.The first is that the vital files of the operating system are now placed on a separate volume, which only has read permission.This means that no malicious software can modify or delete important files, leaving the system more secure.
The other news is that applications cannot read your documents without permission – that applies even to forgotten files on the desktop or in the download folder.You also cannot record the screen or capture the keys entered in other applications.
It is funny that Apple has implemented these protections: there was a time when the company took out the tartar of Windows Vista, because it allowed authorization for everything.Today, macOS is even more armored, and this is sold as a privacy and security resource.
8. Search for a lost Mac, even without connection
Finding a mobile phone or a lost computer is easy if you are connected to the Internet and with active GPS.But MacOS Catalina (and iOS 13) won an application called Search, which can locate an iPhone or Mac even if they are offline.
This is done through a network of interconnected Macs and iPhones around the world.From time to time, a Mac may send a Bluetooth signal, which is received by another Mac, which is received by another Mac, which then finds the lost Mac, as if it were a mesh network.Apple promises that the seal is encrypted and battery consumption is not affected.
I just want to see if this works well in Brazil, where the penetration of Apple devices is not as great as in the United States.
9. More integration with Apple Watch
Heapple watchIt has served to unlock a Mac automatically when it was around.Now, the integration deepened: it became his password.
Any macOS resource that requires you to enter your user password (for example, view your passwords in Safari) can be accessed by double clicking on the Apple Watch side button.This also works to approve application installations, unlock passwords with passwords and access sensitive settings.
10. More accessibility with Voice Control
MacOS Catalina has gained improvements in accessibility, such as a new voice for the VoiceOver screen reader, support for more braille tables and improvements in VoiceOver support for the Xcode, allowing even those who cannot develop their applications.But the main novelty is, without a doubt, Voice Control.
Basically, it is possible to navigate the entire macOS without using your hands.To open applications, close windows, drag and drop an item, zoom in and more by voice.Even poorly designed applications can be used: with the “show grid” command, the system displays a table divided into several cells with numbers.That is, it is possible to click, drag and select any point on the screen, without exception.
With these developments, the MacOS is more prepared for those with visual, auditory or motor impairment – and iOS as well.
More resources and when it arrives
There are other developments in MacOS 10.15, such as a new reminder application, the new initial Safari screen and a renewed photo gallery, which automatically hides duplicate images and highlights important moments, but these are the main ones.
Catalina, as usual, be a free update and be released for all users until the end of the year.Be available on MacBooks, Macs mini, iMacs and Macs Pro released as of 2012.