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PYTHON (computer science) | What it is, what it is for and features

Python It is an interpreted programming language that is well known, multiparadigma with object orientation support and is very well considered by those who are dedicated to these tasks.

Related Article:PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES | Types, characteristics and application

What is Python?

Python It is defined as an interpreted programming language where the work philosophy emphasizes that the syntax always ensures that the code can be readable. It is also a multiparadigma programming language, which can support object orientation, imperative programming and, to a lesser extent, functional programming.

On the other hand, Python it is a programming language that is used in many cases in the world, which is identified as a high level programming language, which is why it is easier to learn and with the advantage of being open code.

What is Python for?

When talking about what Python is for It should be noted that one of the objectives with this programming language is to automate processes so that time is saved and avoid complications. For that reason there are several solutions that are achieved with few lines of code in this program.

On the other hand, Python is very relevant for working with large volumes of data by favoring its extraction and processing. When talking about Big data Python is usually mentioned, so for scientific works it is very useful.

It stands out for the versatility of the language, its templates, modules, packages, frameworks, libraries, management systems and more. It can be used to:

  • Scientific or engineering calculations.
  • Web development.
  • Video games or similar.
  • Graphic programs
  • Different applications.

Python features

Python It is defined as a programming language multiparadigm. This implies that it is not about forcing those programs to internalize a particular programming style, but that there are several styles that can be implemented:

  • Imperative programming.
  • Object oriented programming.
  • Functional programming
  • Other paradigms by including extensions.

On the other hand, Python is characterized in that it uses dynamic typing and reference counting when managing memory. In addition, its dynamic name resolution stands out, therefore, it links a method and a variable name when executing the program.

Another objective in designing this programming language is to facilitate its extension. For that reason it is relatively simple for new modules to be written in C or C ++. Python can be included in certain applications that require an interface that can be programmed.

Finally, although in certain cases Python programming can be seen as hostile in the traditional functional work of Lisp, there are different analogies between Python and other minimalist languages ​​of that Lisp family such as Scheme.

Python Philosophy

The Python philosopher It is usually an analog raised by those who develop in this language from the Unix philosopher. In general, the principles of readability and transparency be the most important and it is called as pythonico, which is just the opposite of what is opaque or obfuscated that is not pythonico.

Regarding the principles described by Tim Peters in The Python Zen, the following stand out:

Beautiful is better than ugly.

Explicit is better than implicit.

Simple is better than complex.

Complex is better than complicated.

Flat is better than nested.

Scattered is better than dense.

Readability counts.

Special cases are not so special as to break the rules.

The practical gains the pure.

Errors should never be passed silently.

Unless they have been silenced explicitly.

In the face of ambiguity, he rejects the temptation to guess.

There should be one – and preferably only one – obvious way to do it.

Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you are Dutch.

Now it's better than ever.

Although it is never better than now.

If the implementation is difficult to explain, it is a bad idea.

If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a good idea.

Namespaces are a great idea. Let's do more of those things!

Python history and evolution

The creator of Python was Guido van Rossum and he did it during the last years of the eighties. The name of the programming language is because this man is a fan of the Monty Pythons Flying Circus series and in December 1990 he decided to baptize his project in this way.

In general, Python history tells us that it was born as a search for a successor to the ABC programming language, which was capable of handling exceptions or being able to interact with Amoeba, an operating system. It was in 1991 when the Python code was published in version 0.9.0 and from there it became more complex.

Over the years, the evolution of Python has taken place and new versions have been released that improve the characteristics already known and which in turn are based on the Python philosophy already described. At present it is one of the programming languages ​​that is most used for all kinds of developments and there are large companies behind its use and improvement.

7 reasons to program in Python

  1. It is a great cross platform.
  2. It has frameworks that are very useful for the developer.
  3. It offers its open code and is free.
  4. There are many prestigious companies that program all kinds of services and applications in Python.
  5. The quality of its syntax is high.
  6. Ideal for object oriented programming.
  7. It offers a dynamic typing that is very strong.

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