On many occasions and more than anything for beginners it can be confusing to understand and differentiate types of photographic lenses, so in this case we describe them, we show their applications and more.
Sure you are interested in reading about:CMARA OF PHOTOS | Types, parts and full operation
Why wear different types of photographic lenses?
For each type of photography, the conditions for making a decision regarding which is the best type of photographic lens To capture that moment. For this reason, the characteristics of the environment, the type of results that are intended or the effects, will determine this decision and will ultimately enable a greater degree of quality to be achieved or not.
Types of photographic lenses
Fish eye Fisheye photographic lenses or fisheye they have a wide angle of view, but the difference is that their field of view is very wide since they can even cover 180. In the focal points that are considered in this way they will go from 8mm to 15mm. Almost always the lenses between 8 and 10mm will produce circular images for the cameras full frame, which in turn will find an end vieteo, and those that are close to 15mm cover the entire sensor. In certain cases they will have autofocus or manuals.
Wide angle They are photographic lenses that cover a wide field of view, but do not have a distortion that is likely to be as large as a fish eye. They are almost always used for landscapes, urban or panoramic photos, since the goal is to capture a large portion of the image. They are also used regularly in interior photographs.
Fixed The fixed photographic lenses or prime, they have only one focal and do not allow zooming from it. In most cases, these photographic lenses will have a peak performance that is greater when compared to a zoom lens that is positioned in the same focal point. In turn they are brighter and their openings are like f / 1.0 to f / 2.8. They are used for portraits of people because their focal points resemble a human eye.
Zoom Without a doubt, it is the most commonly used photographic lens, mainly because of its versatility, since it has a wide focal range. It is used for various types of photos because of its varied focal length, where the main advantage is that of being able to change the focus from the same lens ring and not have to change it to pass to an angular focus.
Telephoto or super telephoto lenses They are the way in which photographic lenses are called that their focal length is high, almost always more than 135mm or of 400mm onwards for super-telephoto lenses. The essential quality of them is that they allow objects that are photographed, take pictures of people or objects over long distances and the like. Now, because of their great focal length they will reduce the depth of field in the photographs so their blur is very good. They are frequently used in nature or sports photography.
Macro They are photographic lenses that are used for macro photography. The main feature is that they enable short distance approaches of the subject to be photographed and that they will provide large magnifications, almost always 1: 1, so that small objects with high quality are represented. They can be combined with extension tubes so that they move away from the sensor and shorten the minimum focus distance.
Tilt shift It is a very particular photographic lens because it allows movements to be made on the lens axis down, up or to the sides, as well as rotate its axis. It is used to correct the perspective in the architectural photographs by that ability to move on the plane of the sensor / film. In turn, a common use of this lens is to apply a focus that is selective to achieve only a particular portion of the photograph has focus without using a small number f.
Results of each photographic lens
Telephoto or super telephoto lenses
Tips for choosing the right lens
Knowing how to choose the right photographic lens It is not an easy task and although much attention is paid to all the technical characteristics of what is offered in the market, the decision may remain a doubt:
As for the basic equipment of the photographers, the typical thing is:
- A lens zoom standard that is about 28 to 80 mm, which comes with the camera kit and is almost always changed to a similar one of a higher quality and with some more range.
- A 70 to 300 mm or 70 to 200 mm lens, which can be part of a kit or be a buyer.
- To complement a macro from 100mm onwards that can be folded as a lens for portraits.
- A wide angle 16-35mm for architecture, landscapes or interiors.
- A lens permanent that is normal of 50mm that is more luminous than a zoom, thinking in cases of low light or portraits.
In other words, the suitable photographic lens It is subject to the type of work or results you want to obtain, in addition to the equipment you already have.