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This is how Apple aspires to dominate the photo in the premium segment

As every year, the presentation of the new iPhone 11 has led to an intense debate among smartphone enthusiasts. The most critical deny their design, the choice of some components and the absence of certain technologies present in the high-end Android. And the most enthusiastic praise the OLED screen of the Pro and Pro Max models, its A13 Bionic processor and his cameras.

Leaving aside this discussion, in which both parties have their dose of reason, there is no doubt that, on paper, Apple has taken an important step forward in regards to the cameras with which he has equipped his new iPhone 11. And its architecture has little to do with the cameras of the iPhone XR, XS and XS Max. We have not yet had the opportunity to test them, and, therefore, to objectively assess their performance, but their architecture gives us many clues about their possibilities. This is what we can expect from them.

iPhone 11, Pro and Pro Max: technical specifications

In the table that tennis in this same section of the article you can verify that the new iPhone 11 has two rear cameras with wide angle and ultra wide angle optics, while the iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max models incorporate, in addition to these two cameras, a telephoto lens. This difference in the architecture of these smartphones gives us the first obvious clues about their performance: the Pro and Pro Max models offer us greater flexibility when facing a capture scenario.

The wide-angle and ultra-wide-angle cameras of the three iPhone 11s are identical, but the Pro and Pro Max models have a telephoto lens that gives them greater versatility

Even so, it is interesting that we keep in mind that the wide-angle and ultra-wide-angle cameras of the three iPhone 11s are identical. In addition, the software responsible for processing the information collected by the sensors of these cameras is the same, so the performance of these three mobile phones in those shooting scenarios in which the telephoto lens of the Pro and Pro models does not intervene Max should be the same.

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The objective of this article is to investigate the benefits of the new iPhone 11 in the field of photography, but it is only a short look at its video recording capabilities because they are also juicy. The front camera allows video recording up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 120 FPS with extended dynamic range in video modes at 30 FPS and stabilization.

With the rear cameras you can record video from up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 240 FPS with extended dynamic range in video modes up to 60 FPS, optical wide-angle and telephoto stabilization (Pro and Pro Max models only), and continuous autofocus. As you can see, on the paper its video recording capacity does not look bad. We will see how they perform when we have the opportunity to test them thoroughly.

iPhone 11
iPhone 11 Pro
iPhone 11 Pro Max

SCREENLiquid Retina HD 6.1-inch IPS LCD (1,792 x 828 dots), 1,400: 1 and 625 nits (typical)Super Retina XDR 5.8 inch OLED (2,436 x 1,125 points), 2,000,000: 1 and 800 nits (typical)Super Retina XDR 6.5-inch OLED (2,688 x 1,242 points), 2,000,000: 1 and 800 nits (typical)
CPUA13 Bionic – Third Generation Neural EngineA13 Bionic – Third Generation Neural EngineA13 Bionic – Third Generation Neural Engine
RAM4GB6 GB6 GB
SECONDARY STORAGE64, 128 and 256 GB64, 256 and 512 GB64, 256 and 512 GB
FRONT CMARA12 megapixels, f / 2.2 aperture and video recording up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 120 FPS12 megapixels, f / 2.2 aperture and video recording up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 120 FPS12 megapixels, f / 2.2 aperture and video recording up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 120 FPS
REAR CMARAS– Wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 1.8, optical and optical stabilization of six elements – Ultra wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 2.4, field of view of 120 degrees and five element optics – Optical zoom 2x ( zoom out, from ultra wide angle to wide angle) and 5x digital zoom – Video: up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 240 FPS– Wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 1.8, optical and optical stabilization of six elements – Ultra wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 2.4, field of view of 120 degrees and optics of five elements – Telephoto: 12 megapixels , f / 2 aperture, 2x optical zoom, 10x digital zoom, six-element optical and optical stabilization – Video: up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 240 FPS– Wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 1.8, optical and optical stabilization of six elements – Ultra wide angle: 12 megapixels, aperture of f / 2.4, field of view of 120 degrees and optics of five elements – Telephoto: 12 megapixels , f / 2 aperture, 2x optical zoom, 10x digital zoom, six-element optical and optical stabilization – Video: up to 4K at 60 FPS and 1080p at 240 FPS
OPERATING SYSTEMiOS 13iOS 13iOS 13
SENSORSGPS / GNSS, digital compass, Face ID, barometer, three-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, proximity sensor and ambient light sensorGPS / GNSS, digital compass, Face ID, barometer, three-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, proximity sensor and ambient light sensorGPS / GNSS, digital compass, Face ID, barometer, three-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, proximity sensor and ambient light sensor
CONNECTIVITYLightning connectorLightning connectorLightning connector
WIRELESS CONNECTIVITYGigabit class LTE with MIMO 2×2 and LAAWiFi 802.11ax with MIMO 2x2Bluetooth 5.0NFCGigabit class LTE with MIMO 2×2 and LAAWiFi 802.11ax with MIMO 2x2Bluetooth 5.0NFCGigabit class LTE with MIMO 2×2 and LAAWiFi 802.11ax with MIMO 2x2Bluetooth 5.0NFC
HEADPHONESEarPods with Lightning connectorEarPods with Lightning connectorEarPods with Lightning connector
SIM CARDDual SIM (Nano SIM and eSIM)Dual SIM (Nano SIM and eSIM)Dual SIM (Nano SIM and eSIM)
BATTERY3,110 mAh3,190 mAh3,500 mAh
COLORSBlack, green, yellow, mauve, red and whiteGold, space gray, silver and night greenGold, space gray, silver and night green
DIMENSIONS15.09 x 7.57 x 0.83 cm14.4 x 7.14 x 0.81 cm15.8 x 7.78 x 0.81 cm
WEIGHT194 g188 g226 g
PRICEFrom 809 eurosFrom 1,159 eurosFrom 1,259 euros

iPhone 11: two cameras to uncheck the iPhone XR

Unlike the iPhone XR, which was the most basic model introduced by Apple last year, the new iPhone 11 incorporates two rear cameras. The first one, the wide-angle type, is supported by a 12 megapixel sensor with a size of 1 / 2.55 inches and 1.4m photoreceptors. The sensors of the iPhone XR, XS and XS Max launched by Apple last year went from the 1.22 m photodiodes of their predecessors to 1.4 m, but this year's models have not evolved incorporating photoreceptors even larger. Even so, they are large enough to perform well in shooting scenarios with low ambient light, as we have seen in our iPhone analysis last year. The wide-angle lens of this camera has stabilization and an aperture value of f / 1.8.

iPhone 11: comparison against Huawei P30 Pro, Pixel 3 XL, Samsung Galaxy Note 10 and other smartphones of similar price

The wide-angle camera sensor photoreceptors are 1.4 m in size, as are the iPhone XR, XS and XS Max

The second rear camera of the iPhone 11 also incorporates a 12-megapixel sensor, but works in tandem with an ultra-wide angle lens with a focal length of 13 mm, an aperture value of f / 2.4 and It has a field of view of 120 degrees. The optical block incorporates five elements, compared to six of the wide-angle optics, and faces the same challenge that all the ultra-wide-angle objectives of the smartphones we have analyzed so far face: keep distortion and chromatic aberrations under control. As soon as we test one of Apple's new phones we will tell you if it is up to par in this field.

Although it does not incorporate a dedicated telephoto lens, with the iPhone 11 we can use a zoom two magnification peak (that s, of distance, from the ultra wide angle to the wide angle) that reaches the five increases using almost always dispensable digital interpolation. Before concluding this section of the article it is worth it to stop for a moment in the front chamber. Like the rear, it bets on a 12 megapixel sensor, but the aperture value of its optical is f / 2.2, which if we give in to its luminosity places it in an intermediate point between the wide angle optical blocks and the ultra wide angle

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iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max: three cameras to aim for the best photographic smartphone

The front, wide-angle and ultra-wide-angle cameras of the iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max models are identical to those of the iPhone 11 dry, so everything we've seen in the previous section of the article is valid for smartphones that look the last name Pro. With regard to photographic hardware, the only difference between the iPhone 11 and the Pro versions lies in the presence in these last telephoto lenses. That's right, this additional camera is important enough to significantly expand the versatility of the Pro versions. And, on paper, it should have an important impact on our experience both when taking photographs and when recording video.

The optical zoom of the iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max is two magnifications, which puts it behind, for example, the five-fold optical zoom of the Huawei P30 Pro

The telephoto of the iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max incorporates a 12 megapixel sensor and a stabilized peak block and with aperture value f / 2. He zoom Ptico puts within our reach two increases, a figure that is not bad but that is far from, for example, the zoom five-fold pickup of the Huawei P30 Pro or the zoom Hybrid of 10 increases that have both this terminal of Huawei and the Reno 10x Zoom of OPPO. The competition in the field of telephoto lenses is tough, and at the moment Huawei is the brand that bears the singing voice (we will see what this manufacturer proposes in 2020 when it presents the successor of the P30 Pro), but Apple can play the trick of the Image quality in this shooting scenario. We will leave doubts when the first iPhone 11 Pro falls into our hands.

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Machine learning and Deep Fusion: the heart of the processing of the new iPhone 11

During the presentation of the iPhone 11, Apple emphasized the processing capabilities that its engineers have developed to make the most of the cameras of these new mobile phones. And yes, on the wallpaper really well. One of its competences is to adjust the white balance, exposure and colorimetry in real time so that the images collected by each camera are consistent with those taken by the other cameras of the smartphone. In this way there should be no significant differences in the finishing of a photograph in the same scene taken with the ultra wide angle and another captured, for example, with the telephoto lens, beyond the obvious differences in terms of composition and framing.

New iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max: the comparison with the best smartphones of the year in the high range

However, the most striking feature of the iPhone 11's processing software is undoubtedly that uses machine learning techniques to solve in real time not only the white balance, colorimetry and exposure settings we just talked about, but also to fine tune the light, recognize the face of the people we are photographing and increase the dynamic range of our photographs with the Aim to recover more detail in both highlights and shadow regions.

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According to Apple, the combination of machine learning and semantic rendering It allows the iPhone 11 to recover more detail on all levels of the photo and reproduce the HDR from a larger contrast scale. Semantic rendering is a smart processing mode that is capable of analyzing the objects and subjects that we are photographing, as well as the background, to adjust the processing in a manner consistent with the scene we are capturing in particular, and not in a generic way . However, this process has one more tool that, in theory, is valuable: Deep Fusion technology.

Deep Fusion captures a total of 9 images and combines them using the neural motor integrated in the A13 Bionic chip

This is the name that the Cupertino brand has given to a capture procedure that aims to dramatically increase the level of detail and the dynamic range of our photographs while reducing noise. To achieve this, Deep Fusion captures eight images with different exposure before we press the shutter button (four short exposures and many others with a longer exposure), and stores them in a buffer, which is a buffer.

The moment we press the shutter button, the software takes one more picture, it has a long exposure, and gives control of the processing to the neural motor integrated in the A13 Bionic chip. This, according to Apple, it only takes a second in analyzing each of the photographs to merge them into a single image, previously selecting the pixels of each of them that allow you to recover the maximum level of detail possible and reduce noise. This algorithm on paper looks good, but we will have to check if it lives up to expectations when one of the new iPhone 11 falls into our hands.

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iPhone 11, Pro and Pro Max: price and availability

The new iPhone 11, Pro and Pro Max can be booked from next September 13, and will be on sale from September 20 with a starting price of 809 euros for iPhone 11, 1,159 euros for the iPhone 11 Pro, and 1,259 euros for the iPhone 11 Pro Max model.

More information | Manzana

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