For these days Apple is interested in boosting its iCloud services, so you can backup your files from any Apple device, but it is completely understandable if you prefer a more traditional method to do this process and not keep them in the cloud. So you know how to backup Mac and not lose your valuable data in the attempt, in Digital Trends in Spanish We explain it step by step.
To obtain a more secure backup, we suggest you make a backup copy on both iCloud and a disk. External drives, such as HDD or SSD, remain an excellent option (and no subscription costs) if you prefer a physical location to store, protect and share your data.
Make sure your disk is formatted correctly
If you are going to use an external hard drive or SSD to make a backup, you must start by formatting it to make it compatible with the MacOS extended file system. With some exceptions, most external hard drives are not preformatted for Mac.
Fortunately, it is a simple process and it is the first step that we suggest you follow to learn how to make a Mac backup.
Step 1: connect the hard drive to your Mac
We recommend using a new hard drive. If you use an old one, things can get complicated. Consider formatting to erase all data on the unit, so you want to verify and eventually move some valuable data to another device.
Step 2: start Disk Utility
The Disk Utility is found in Applications, under the subtitle Utilities. You can access this section through the Dock.
Step 3: find the hard drive you want to reformat
All units and volumes on your Mac will be listed in the Disk Utility, so make sure you choose the right one.
Step 4: delete the drive
ChooseDelete in the window of Disk Utility, confirm that you want to do it and get ready to change the name of the unit. A good option is to call it something like "Mac Backup", if you mainly use it for this purpose.
Step 5: choose the new map scheme
Now you should choose a new format, among which are: Plus (with registration), Plus (with registration, encrypted), Plus (mays./mins., With registration), Plus (mays./mins., With registration, encrypted)
The Plus format (with registration) allows you to maintain the hierarchical file system, while the Encrypted option adds a password and encryption. The one of uppercase and lowercase distinguishes this use in folders, for example, keeping September and September separate.
Choose your best alternative, although if you are not sure what to do, we recommend using the fourth format, which includes the three capabilities, maintaining the file system, adding a password and respecting the use of upper and lower case.
Step 6: go to Security Options
Choose Security options and make sure at least three times that the unit is set to write on old data. This in the case of Stata units, not for SSDs.
Step 7: delete and confirm.
Your disk be reformatted!
Backup via Time Machine
In the second step of this guide on how to make a Mac backup you should use the application Time machine. This allows you to make a backup of your equipment periodically and automatically. If you don't mind having an external drive always connected to your device, this tool will save you time and work. To activate it, follow these steps.
Step 1: open Time Machine and make sure it is on
You can find the Time Machine application at System preferences, which is in yourDock. On the left side of the window Time machine There is a great switch to activate or deactivate it. Must be on.
Step 2: select your unit
In Select disk, choose the drive on which you will perform the backup. If you followed the formatting steps of the first section, you should not have problems, although it is possible to enter a password if the unit is encrypted.
Step 3: verify the options
Under the button Options, you can choose what data volumes you want to backup, which is useful if you don't want to save all the data in your MacOS. If everything seems appropriate, then you are ready to move forward.
Time Machine automatically start the backup of your data and allow you to recover data from the last 24 hours if something goes wrong, as well as information and daily files in the last month and weekly since Time Machine started working.
Manually store data in external drive
A third step on how to make a successful Mac backup is aimed at those who want to backup specific files. This is a more appropriate solution if you only want to save data related to your work, family photographs, audiovisual material, among others.
Step 1: open your search engine
You can open a window of Seeker at any time since Dock. Check the left side of your Seeker If your external hard drive is connected. Normally, if your unit is connected and correctly formatted you can see its name. If not, go to preferences and select Sidebar, where you can choose to customize what appears on the side of the Seeker. Verify that your unit is set to appear ah.
Step 2: create the folders you need
It is possible that the files you want to backup are already in the appropriate, well organized folders, in which case you can skip this step. But if your files are scattered, you can select the folder cone in the Seeker and create new folders to correctly sort your data.
Step 3: move the folders to your external drive
Drag and drop the folders you want to save to the external drive located in the sidebar. They will automatically be copied to that hard drive. If you are looking for a particular file to keep it and cannot find it, use the function of Search in the upper right of the screen of Finder.
* Updated by Daniel Matus on August 25, 2019.