There are manythe reasons why a computer can stop working properly and freeze.Some of them impossible to solve but fortunately less common, and others more common and easy to solve. In this last group, faulty RAM modules, dirt overheating, viruses, and an insufficient power supply can Leave our PC out of combat.
We have all ever suffered the symptoms that something bad is about to happen with our computer. First, small tugs are observed, then something stops responding so that finally the application with which we are working freezes, state that ensure those who have suffered, usually occurs at the least opportune time, leaving us unable to continue working, and in the worst case, that part of what we were doing with the PC is lost forever.
The scene ends after a few minutes of agony, when the dreaded finally appears on the sceneBSOD, the blue screen of death,which indicates that our PC just suffered a fairly important crash. Now it only remains to restart it and hope that the problem has disappeared without too many consequences.
In this article we will find the solutions to the most common damages that a computer can suffer, and that produce most of the crashes.
The 5 most common problems for a PC to crash and how to solve them
As we mentioned,Causes for a PC to crash there are many,and now it becomes vital to know how and why they occur in order to be prepared and to avoid or face them.
A defective RAM module is one of the most important causes of problems,and main actor in the production of blue screens at system startup. Fortunately, analyzing and detecting problems in RAM modules is simple, and in the case of encountering problems, they are easy to replace.
Forcheck the proper functioning of a RAM modulenothing better than an application calledMemtest86 +,which analyze memory banks for problems. In case you find errors,then it is necessary to determine what module is producing them.
To do this, we must remove the cover of the PC cabinet and remove the RAM modules, leaving only one of them, the one located in slot 1, if they are more than one. Next, we run Memtest86 +,and if it does not indicate an error, it means that this RAM module does not observe problems.In the event that we own more than one module, we repeat the procedure as many times as we have modules.
The performance and stability of the RAM is of vital importance so that a computer does not freeze. If the memory modules are in poor condition, we are likely to have many problems.
Power supply with insufficient capacity
Thanks to the fact that today we can count on High performance PC components at a reasonable price,It is quite likely that we have very powerful CPUs, video or sound boards installed on our PC. It is also possible that we have made some touch of Overclocking the processor, since they are prepared for it.
But unfortunately all that power has a price, and it is the high amount of energy consumed by all those components, which can make the system unstable and freeze a computer number of times in the dayIf we do not have a power supply powerful enough to power the entire PC efficiently.
Forknow exactly the total power consumption of the PC,We will first have to add the consumption of each of the elements that compose it. This is not easy, since we will have to resort to the manuals or the websites of the manufacturers, but once this data is recovered, we can compare them with the power that is able to deliver the power supply of our computer.
In the event that we reach the conclusion ofthat the power supply is not able to supply the necessary power,then it's time to replace it with a larger one, since it can cause a PC to freeze and leave us with no chance to finish what we were doing.
Generally, if we have a PC with good performance components, but without exaggeration,A power supply with at least 600 Watts will be sufficient.But if we have non-standard configurationsas two video boards connected by SLI or CrossFire,In addition to many other plates, this power will not be enough, having to acquire one of at least 800 Watts.
Heat related problems
Inside a PC, whether desktop or laptop,large amounts of heat produced by the components are generatedhoused inside the device. Even in these small tablets with Android this problem happens.
If the heat inside the PC does not dissipate properly,This can generate instability and cause accidents such as the PC freezing.While some modern equipment has a series of sensors inside that allow you to measure the temperatureand turn off the equipment in case the permitted limit is exceeded,the truth is that before this happens we should check a series of aspects related to fans and ventilation openings.
First of all, it is necessary to ensure that all the fans available to the PC are functioning properly. In the event that any of them does not work, or does not work properly,It is best to replace it.
It will also be necessary to check the vents and vents to verify that they are not being obstructed by elements that do not allow you to successfully ventilate the equipment.
To get an idea ofWhat is the operating temperature of some of the PC components,we can download and install a small free program calledOpen Hardware Monitor, available in this link.
With this tool we canmonitor the temperature of the processor and other components of the PC,In addition to obtaining other important data about the operation of the equipment.
Another problem related to temperature occurs when we change a processor,since a bad application of the thermal paste between the CPU and its heatsinkIt can cause it to overheat and freeze the computer.
To repair it, or take it into account for future updates, we just have to remove the heat sink located on the processor and clean the two surfaces, the heatsink and the processor,with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol and place a single drop of thermal paste. The latter should be taken into account, since if too much or too little is applied, the heat dissipation is not adequate.
The usual suspects: Virus and malware
Both viruses and malwareThey are usually one of the most common causes for a computer to freeze and produce damage and blue screens.Fortunately, getting rid of these nefarious tenants is now quite simple, we have to use a good antivirus that is updated and perform a deep analysis of our equipment.
In the event that the virus or malware has disabled the antivirus, which is possible,we will have to restart the PC in safe mode by pressing the F8 key during the boot of it,before the Windows startup screen appears.
With thisWe will make sure that Windows does not load drivers or software that are not essential for its operation.When Windows has started in safe mode, then we do a full scan with our favorite antivirus.
That a computer freezes and the blue screens are also displayedthey can be the result of conflicts between the hardware components of our PC.One of the most common problems of hardware conflicts arises when two devicesThey try to use the same IRQ.Fortunately, in many of these cases, it is easy to find a solution.
To do this, we open theDevice administrator, where we will find the list of all the devices installed on the PC. In case we seethat a yellow triangle is shown on one of them,then it means that this component has a problem, which can cause complications even to the hardware that depends on it, which inevitably They will cause the computer to freeze.
Usually,updating or reinstalling the component driver and a system reboot ends the problem.In the event that the problem persists, and the component that fails is of the removable type as a storage unit, we can try to solve the problem by uninstalling it and reinstalling it.
The best we can do in the event of a problem is to store as much information as possible about it,which allows us to make a more complete, accurate and quick diagnosis.For this we can write down the data that appears on the blue screen or use an application such asBlue screenTo help with the diagnosis, we can download it for free by clicking on this link.
It is also essential to be attentive to any situation that is not usual in the behavior in the computer that leads to it freezing, since if we ignore them, we will only make the situation worse and make it more difficult to face a solution later.